Historically, goldenrod has been used to treat headaches and taken internally as a diuretic, helping the body to get rid of excess fluid. Its Latin name solidago means ‘to make whole’. There are also records of goldenrod’s use to treat tuberculosis, diabetes, enlargement of the liver, gout, haemorrhoids, internal bleeding, asthma and arthritis. Little study exists to support these later claims.
The above-ground parts of the goldenrod plant are dried and used for medicine.
Goldenrod contains flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferol, astragalin and rutoside), anthocyanidins, triterpene saponins, glycosides, lactones phenolic acids and a small amount of essential oil.
Solidago is available in combination products. A few animal and test-tube studies suggest goldenrod may help reduce inflammation, relieve muscle spasms, fight infections and lower blood pressure.
In humans, it is prescribed to:
- Act as a diuretic.
- Treat urinary tract infections and ‘flush out’ kidney stones.
- May ease headache pain.
- Help to lower blood pressure.
- Help to boost the immune system.
- Treat hot flushes.
- May reduce inflammation and joint pain caused by arthritis or gout.
- May soothe symptoms of allergies, colds and flu, such as excess mucus and cough.
Flora Force Products containing Peppermint
Domestic & culinary uses
There are no references to goldenrod being used for culinary purposes.
Solidago virgaurea is indigenous to Europe, but has spread to Asia and both North and South America. This perennial with single woody stems grows to two metres and is often found along roadsides and in open fields. S. virgaurea is not grown in South Africa, although descendents such as S. canadensis and S. rugosa do well here. Their benefits in tearting disease are not known.
- By H. Zell (Own work)